On January 22, 1863, the January Uprising broke out. It was an armed resistance against the tsarist regime, in which the Russian elites considered Poland to be a rightful property and the partition of Poland to be an act of historical justice.
Despite its dramatic course and consequences (the Kingdom of Poland completely lost its autonomy, and was sent to prisons and Siberia), it has become a great legacy of Polish patriotism, struggle for dignity and freedom.
Marek Kuchcinski, Speaker of the Sejm, paid tribute to the heroes by laying flowers at the monument to the January Uprising insurgents at the cemetery in Rzeszow.
Photo by M. Olejnik